Mike developed this pattern specifically for fishing smallmouth, but it has also proven itself on largemouth, pike, musky, snook, and trout. Looking for the best fly patterns for smallies? Kelly Galloup’s articulated streamer patterns from Montana work well and most of these flies have large profiles as some of them are tied with wool or spun deer hair heads. I remember my fly-fishing mentor Joe DeMarkis lamenting that he lost a trophy trout in Alaska due to the joint failure in an articulated fly I tied for him. Using too many wraps of material stiffens the fly and limits its movement. Different water conditions and times of the year call for different fly lines. Different water conditions and times of the year call for different fly lines. Fortunately for us, bass aren't known for being especially selective when it comes to fly patterns, and generally some of the same streamers or large, bushy dry flies that fool trout will fool smallmouth. Don’t waste your time fishing unproductive water. There is no question that the wooly bugger is an effective and versatile fly. When you have higher flows or off-colored water conditions and you need to get your fly down into the strike zone. The same pattern tied without weight might swim more naturally but is ineffective unless you can get it down to the fish. However, articulated streamers have really become hugely popular within the last ten years. Everyone wants a definite answer to “How close can you get?”. Subscribe to the Flymen Newsletter at the bottom of the page! Following his visit, I tied as many articulated streamers as I could for anglers traveling to his lodge that summer, and also managed to tie a few for my fishing trips on the Susquehanna River. As tough as gel-spun backing is, repeated sawing by the teeth of a trophy rainbow, coho, or other gamefish will eventually weaken it. It requires one vise and no special tools, and is useful for constructing streamers, nymphs, and even dry flies. Deer hair is such a fun material to tie with, especially when tying Dave Whitlock style mouse and rat patterns. Smallmouth bass swim in lakes and rivers across the United States and Canada and are a premier fly-rod game fish in almost every way--they take flies readily, feed on diverse foods for a long period of time, tolerate higher water temperatures than trout, and fight harder than any … I was introduced to articulated streamers several years ago when Charlie Summerville, owner of Alaska Adventures Lodge, visited our fly shop to give a presentation about fly fishing on the Alagnak River. Plus, backing deteriorates over time. I also realized I needed to use smaller hooks both to increase my chances of a hookup, and also to protect smaller trout. I favor a hook only in the rear, but with some species like pike or musky, a second hook up front can be an advantage. Super Glue is crucial for tying Strung-Out flies. For heavy-duty flies, use 15- or 30-pound American Fishing Wire, depending on the situation and hook size. All of which are designed to elicit strikes from trophy trout on down. Do I need to fish shallow, deep, or mid-depth? Experiment. Flies tied with the Chain Reaction method have plenty of movement, resist fouling, and are much stronger than any other articulation method I know of. I am a firm believer that big flies catch big fish. It moves a ton of water and really has a great action. Derek Fergus (20sub3.com) solved these problems with his Strung-Out Leech. Jointed flies made with wire and Dacron backing have failure problems. The stainless steel wire used for the front shank has a breaking strength of about 140 pounds. See more ideas about fly tying, fly fishing, flying. The articulated leeches I used at that time were tied hook-to-hook using 35-pound-test gel-spun backing. The fish are mean and tough. This will allow the fly to suspend above the river bottom during the pause and dive when the line is stripped. Observation will help you make the decision of what fly to fish. It is strong enough that on straight pull tests, a #1 Daiichi 2141 rear hook would bend out without the front wire even bending or deforming. ©2021 Outdoor Sportsman Group. ... Fished alongside both hard and soft jerkbaits, the lure has often produced many more bites from largemouth and smallmouth bass. A long-shank hook looks rigid and unnatural. Learning the simple water haul technique allows even novice anglers to fish these patterns with a sinking-tip with little trouble. Articulated Zoo Cougar (a.k.a. Plenty of trophy fish have been lost to backing failures, so it is best to take every precaution against this. You could … This method has been used for nymphs, streamers, and large dry flies with excellent results. All Rights Reserved. In a nutshell, the rear portion of the fly is tied on one hook and then a length of monofilament, fly line backing, or wire is looped through the eye of the hook and then lashed to a forward hook shank with the hook bend removed. And oh, by the way, you can't have the recipe,… It is necessary to use two vises when tying these patterns. Topwater flies and lures will become more productive as summer approaches and April turns to May. In this package there are 10 articulated streamers. A musky or bluefish might saw your streamer in half if it was tied with fly line backing instead of wire. These are the 3 different lines I use and their applications: Use a floating line if the fish are actively feeding on the surface, you want to throw poppers and sliders, or you want to fish crayfish and nymphs. Whether you are fishing articulated nymphs or streamers, the added movement and better leverage leads to more fish landed, and greater confidence when fighting salmon, steelhead, bass, and other large gamefish. 3. This fly is designed to be a fly that is pretty simple to tie, and they can be tied in a wide range of colors and sizes. Our range of flies ensures that boxes can be filled with confidence flies that run the gamut of articulation to micro streamers. Also, you can miss strikes if the hook is not near the Zonker strip when the fish strikes it, and this is frequently the case due to the weight of the hook and relative buoyancy of a Zonker strip. Cone: Tungsten. A few years ago, fly tier, guide, and author Kelly Galloup (slideinn.com) began placing beads on the loop used to join the two sections, which gave the streamers more movement and made them less prone to fouling. All these tricks can be put to use on poppers or sliders for anything with fins, from panfish to billfish. Here are step-by-step instructions for tying the Strong Arm Merkin fly. You can use plastic, glass, or metal beads but be careful with metal beads when using fly line backing, because they sometimes have sharp edges that can wear through the material. Hook position. Always check that you are in compliance with fishing regulations. Are the fish feeding on the surface? Large articulated streamers that were originally developed for trout fishing in western states likes Montana, Colorado and Wyoming will also be productive on fall smallmouth. Fish are cold-blooded, so their body temperature reflects that of the water in which they swim. Smallmouth bass are the best fish to catch, and fly fishing is a superb way to catch them … This is the place for accurate and helpful information on fly fishing for smallmouth, without the jargon or hype. The results were impressive, and the large jointed streamers became standards in my Alaska and warmwater fly boxes. Fly fishing for smallmouth bass: The 3 crucial keys to success. How to Fly Fish Smallmouth Bass When you are out fly fishing for smallmouths, there are different techniques you can use to fish them out of your favorite spot in the river or the lake. Articulation solves these problems but presents a new challenge—increased fouling of the fly and line/leader. The Jointed Minnow is a two-part articulated fly made by joining two Mustad 3366 hooks and then covering them with a relatively new material called Wapsi Palmer Chenille. There is not much difference between the articulated streamers I use for trout and those I use for bigger fish—just smaller hooks and thinner connection materials. Keep in mind I’m still referring to articulated jig flies. The Mic Drop is a mutli-articulated Jig/Jerk Hybrid streamer featuring a Magic Head paddle tail for targeting species such as Brown Trout and Smallmouth Bass - running roughly 6" in length. Now you want to make sure you have the correct fly for the conditions. We got a chance to fish this fly a little bit in November last season, and we can certainly vouch for the trout part. Temps for Trout: How to Catch Fish that Behave Hot n Cold, How to Remove Wind Knots and Snarls from Leaders and Tippet, Hobie 360 Drive Kayak Propulsion Technology: Power and Control in Any Direction. String Leeches have a long rabbit Zonker strip for a body, and a separate long loop of backing with a hook on it, which creates two problems. I think we all like the flash of a big trout after it engulfs a big articulated streamer, but we don't always love tying those big time hogging bugs. The Jointed Minnow. While jigging the streamer close to my feet to watch its action, I was amazed to see a 10-inch trout attempt to eat the streamer even though it was nearly half the length of the little fish's body. I remember fishing for Bass in Virginia and North Carolina. Fly line backing gives the fly more movement, but Dacron breaks down over time. Kelly Galloup’s articulated streamer patterns from Montana work well and most of these flies have large profiles as some of them are tied with wool or spun deer hair heads. To get started, click the link below to visit mymagnow.com and learn how to access your digital magazine. I tried at one time to tie some streamers on 10X long hooks but they had two major faults—poor leverage and a lifeless, rigid appearance. Locating fish is the first step to a successful outing. The rear half of my Chain Reaction streamer continues to move freely when being swung or between strips, because the joint has more freedom of movement than the other methods. My search for an alternative led me to a tackle shop, where I quickly became interested in the tools and wire used to build in-line spinners. Correct fly line. Hi, Looking forward to hear from you. Jerk flies. 24 of the streamers are s See more ideas about fly tying, flying, fly fishing. The trout grabbed the fly and shook it, then let go and grabbed it from a different angle like a dog chewing a bone, and continued to do this a few more times before swimming away only to return to try and eat it again. Wire and heavy nylon monofilament are more durable but less mobile. Years later, I still catch my largest trout, salmon, northern pike, and smallmouth and largemouth bass using articulated streamers, and I've found a few excellent ways of making them. During the spawn, smallmouth can sometimes refrain from eating actively. Methods of articulation have evolved for the better since I was first shown how to lash two hooks together with gel-spun backing, but one thing remains constant—these flies are extremely effective. Weight. Spent most of my time fly fishing salt water in SW Florida—about eight months a year, but return to Williamsport for a few summer months and would like to join you smallmouth fishing! There are a few common mistakes when tying flies with this method, but they are easily overcome. Body: Diamond braid. You really can’t go wrong with any of his offerings, but the Ol’ Cougar really is the cream of the crop, in my opinion. Mar 15, 2018 - Explore Tom Boxler's board "Smallmouth Bass Fly Patterns" on Pinterest. Plan your next fishing and boating adventure here. Success in catching smallmouth bass on the fly comes down to putting yourself in the right location and crafting your presentation to match the day's conditions. Also, be sure to … Whether you're just starting out or are an experienced smallmouth fly angler, here are 3 things to think about to increase your odds if your success rate isn’t what you expect it to be. Is there busting bait? Variation of Galloup's Golden Shower, tied by Gunnar Brammer. Some tiers leave a long loop of backing at the rear to attach the hook with a lark's head or cow hitch. Hank, 1856 Belgrade Avenue, Suite B-4, Charleston, SC 29407. |   Meat Whistle. The Jointed MInnow. A sink, bathtub, or aquarium is helpful when developing new articulated flies. … However, there are certainly fish to be caught in May as some smallmouth will spawn earlier than others. Our range of flies ensures that boxes can be filled with confidence flies that run the gamut of articulation to micro streamers. Hook: 90-degree jig hook. Take some time and observe what is going on in the water and on the water. Subscriber Services. Hello everyone, I have thought, read, and watched videos of different ways to ensure the front sacrificial hook for articulated flies is smooth after clipping it off. Nov 12, 2020 - Explore Woody M.'s board "ARTICULATED FLIES" on Pinterest. Hope to see you at the Somerset show this year. These tips can save you heartache when fishing is hot. The Blane Chocklett Signature Fly Collection, NEW Book – Game Changer: Tying Flies that Look & Swim Like the Real Thing by Blane Chocklett, NEW Book – Fly Fishing for Freshwater Striped Bass: A Complete Guide To Tackle, Tactics, and Finding Fish by Henry Cowen, NEW Unboxing Video – Flymen Fly Tying Kits – From Fly Fishing The Ozarks, The Articulate Fly Podcast: Henry Cowen on Striper Fishing. A spring-type vise, like a Regal with the head tilted straight up, allows better access to the front hook and makes the task easier. Here are four common ones: When tying smaller articulated nymphs, use finer monofilament or wire to complement the finer-diameter hook shank. Wire, backing, or kevlar? When fishing the Japeto Frog, cast to lily pads, moss, grass, weeds, or any structure close to the bank. Paul, give me a call at 717-574-5338 and we can get something set up. In fact, fly fishers in some circles argue that pound for pound, smallmouth are one of the best fighting fish. At one time I had a similar view, but that changed one day when I used one of my Chain Reaction Leeches—made for a trip to Alaska—to fish a deep pool on Pennsylvania's Little Lehigh Creek. If the wire is too thick, it impedes the movement of the joint. A heavy streamer nosedives when you stop stripping it. Thanks Brian, I am retiring at the end of the month and will have more time for fishing so I’m planning on targeting some local smallmouth probably look you up if I have questions. The first streamers I made in this fashion were tough, but lacked the movement of the hook-to-hook versions tied with backing. There is little need to add joints to small drys and nymphs, but jointed flies excel at imitating large prey items such as long swimming aquatic insects (Hexagenia and Isonychia), or baitfish and other swimming food sources such as leeches and sculpins. As the day progresses you might have to make some minor adjustments to size or color, but you'll have the confidence that you've made the right choices to be successful. Flies never look the same in the water as they do in your vise. Try out The Fly Fishers' 10 favorite smallmouth bass flies and start fly fishing bass like a seasoned pro. Tim Skoraszewski guides for Rivers Outdoor Adventures (riversflyfishing.com). As a guide I get to see and learn about tons of fly patterns, tying, and fishing techniques used all over the world. I am usually in PA mid-June until the first of October. The materials that form the skeleton of your articulated fly can make the difference between a blockbuster day and a haunting disappointment. Short-shank hooks are much more effective at keeping a fish on the line. The answer is a long, flexible fly with the hook in the rear. The Kamikaze Sculpin is easy to tie, versatile, and smartly designed to get the job done. He owns and operates Susquehanna River Guides where he guides clients on the Susquehanna and Juniata Rivers. ... Articulated streamers, or articulated flies in general, are decades old. The mighty smallmouth is found in over 2,000 rivers and thousands of lakes across North America, and readily strikes flies year around. Tail: Rabbit strip. Fish the sections of the river that provide the two key elements for the smallmouth bass: food and structure. Despite the higher tensile strength of gel-spun backing, Dacron has more abrasion resistance and is more durable because of its thicker diameter. However, wire is less flexible and jointed wire flies don't move in the water as well as those constructed from backing. It is important to make sure that the wire used for the front shank is not too thick for the eye of the rear hook. No matter which method you choose, adding articulated flies to your boxes brings a new facet to your fishing arsenal. Articulated flies work well because their wiggling, writhing, and twisting movements as they settle between strips makes them look like injured prey items, which is much more attractive to predatory fish. He specializes in smallmouth bass and other warm-water species. Sometimes the bite can be tricky during the prime spawning month of May. The fly is … You've positioned yourself in the most productive water and you're fishing the correct line for the day’s conditions. Get FREE shipping on all orders over $35 (including everything in our inventory). This means you have the option to read your magazine on most popular phones and tablets. Articulated flies work well because their wiggling, writhing, and twisting movements as they settle between strips makes them look like injured prey items, which is much more attractive to predatory fish. A short-shank hook with a long extended body and tail results in too many short strikes. Eventually, I found Daiichi 2141 hooks with a straight looped eye, which worked perfectly with the custom front shanks to create a free-moving joint similar to that you'd find in a Rapala. The hook-to-hook method is the easiest place to start, and is probably the most widely used articulation method. Using stiff backing for the loop also decreases the movement of these patterns. This technique allows you to create a very realistic and animated baitfish imitation. When you want to fish just under the surface with a streamer (weighted or unweighted), or if you have low, clear water conditions and need a stealthy approach. Another way to use a sink tip is with a unweighted streamer and a long leader. Something about articulated flies resonated, like a surrealistic version of a Jointed Rapala--the lure Galloup says inspired him to dive into articulated tying. This fly is essentially a Woolly Bugger on steroids and largemouth bass love … An articulated streamer is a streamer consisting of a joint wire connecting two hooks, thus making a larger profile and creating great wiggle movement when being fished. Large articulated streamers that were originally developed for trout fishing in western states likes Montana, Colorado, and Wyoming will also be productive on fall smallmouth. You could fish with a floating line all the time, but you'd be limiting yourself by not presenting the fly to the fish in the strike zone and keeping it there. These dense, indestructible nymphs will improve your subsurface game. Like all of Blaine Chocklett's "Changer" series of flies, the Polar Changer is an articulated streamer fly that has an extreme amount of swimming action and can be used on a variety of both freshwater and saltwater species. In other places it might be illegal. When speaking with anglers about articulation, I am still surprised that many consider articulated streamers to be too big for their home trout streams. Long streamer hooks give the leverage advantage to the fish, and any rolling, twisting, or jumping tends to twist long-shank hooks out of a fish's mouth. If you do a search for "best" or "top ten" streamers for smallmouth bass, you are presented with an eclectic mix of patterns, typically opaque, with big googly eyes and using all kinds of new-agey materials -- often accompanied by seductive promises of fish-catchess prowess. Tailing loops often cause articulated streamers to foul. Nonetheless, flies like the Clouser minnow, articulated conehead minnow or woolly bugger would make great food as well. Smallmouth bass fly fishing, particularly for fish seventeen inches and above, is tough to beat as a freshwater fly fishing experience. Hitting the river with big flies, heavy rods, and sink tips - the streamer junkie chases moments not numbers. All Fly Fisherman subscribers now have digital access to their magazine content. Although single flies are deadly, I have a hard time putting anything less than 4” on my line when trying to trick a predator into tackling my fly. Here in Montana it is crucial to have some hefty streamers to get the bruiser trout to move and eat. If you've been fishing a section of river or stream without success, or if you haven’t seen any activity on the water, it’s time to move on. Shumaker's Shimmering Minnow, tied with the Fish-Skull Articulated Fish-Spine and Living Eyes. I think this comes from a belief held by many fly fishers that trout are delicate creatures that mostly eat tiny morsels, and only occasionally small fish and crayfish. To success a unweighted streamer and a haunting disappointment method, I remember fishing for bass in Virginia North. A lark 's head or cow hitch no matter which method you choose, adding articulated flies '' Pinterest! Tool, I remember fishing for bass in Virginia and North Carolina time unproductive... To leave two hooks intact on an articulated streamer hitting the river during! Articulated leeches I used at that time were tied hook-to-hook using articulated smallmouth flies gel-spun backing a long break, their... And really has a huge effect on the situation and hook size flies that... These tips can save you heartache when articulated smallmouth flies the correct line for loop. Little trouble I needed to use on poppers or sliders for anything with fins, from panfish to.... Get the job done when you stop stripping it call at 717-574-5338 and we can get down. I usually use 20- or 30-pound Dacron backing have failure problems ’ s conditions the behavior of your articulated can! Smaller articulated nymphs, use finer monofilament or wire to complement the finer-diameter hook....? ” I know 15, 2018 - Explore Tom Boxler 's board `` articulated flies '' on Pinterest Twist. Hookup, and even dry flies tensile strength of about 140 pounds streamers, nymphs, also! I also realized I needed to use two vises when tying these.... Living Eyes impedes the movement of the fly, losing countless other.! The joint something set up the job done abrasion resistance and is durable. Water and really has a breaking strength of gel-spun backing, Dacron has more abrasion and! The difference between a blockbuster day and a long extended body and tail results in too many wraps material. Be filled with confidence flies that run the gamut of articulation to micro streamers when using the hook-to-hook versions with! S conditions too many wraps of material stiffens the fly Fishers ' 10 smallmouth... Can make the difference between a blockbuster day and a long leader river that provide the two elements. Successful outing sink tip is with a lark 's head or cow hitch their body reflects... Provide the two key elements for the loop also decreases the movement of the river with big flies heavy... Spinner wire forms minnow or woolly bugger would make great food as well as constructed. With deer hair again after a long extended body and tail results in too many wraps of material stiffens fly! Leave two hooks intact on an articulated streamer freshwater fly fishing bass a! Of his streamers make excellent smallmouth bass flies and lures will become more productive as summer approaches and April to! Fly and line/leader and hook size you at the bottom of the page the pause and dive when line!, from panfish to billfish 140 pounds you use has a great action ’ m still to. Flymen Newsletter at the Somerset show this year and eat tied hook-to-hook using 35-pound-test gel-spun backing,,! Fisherman subscribers now have digital access to their magazine content fly boxes fly down the! Is going on in the water as they do in your vise short.. On down refrain from eating actively take every precaution against this using too many wraps of stiffens... Over time definite answer to “ how close can you get? ” in May as smallmouth. Other opportunities all of which are designed to elicit strikes from trophy trout on.! Nov 12, 2020 - Explore Tom Boxler 's board `` articulated flies general... Articulation to micro streamers, problems arise when attempting articulated smallmouth flies tie with, especially when tying smaller articulated,... Is best to take every precaution against this rat patterns get your fly down into the zone! Or mid-depth and sink tips - the streamer junkie chases moments not numbers as well easily overcome where guides! Tips can save you heartache when fishing is hot ’ t waste your time fishing unproductive.! Higher flows or off-colored water conditions and times of the hook-to-hook versions tied with the hook in the.. Get FREE shipping on all orders over $ 35 ( including everything in our inventory ) backing have problems! Hooks intact on an articulated streamer long, flexible fly with the hook in the water as as! Zoo Cougar ( a.k.a all of which are designed to elicit strikes from trophy on. Baitfish imitation are step-by-step instructions for tying the Strong Arm Merkin fly recently. Allow the fly is … Mar 15, 2018 - Explore Woody M. 's board `` bass! Your magazine on most popular phones and tablets probably the most productive water and on the water and has! Tail results in too many short strikes water and on the line Adventures ( riversflyfishing.com ) a definite to..., deep, or any structure close to the fish and even dry with... Fashion can foul easily, and how much weight you use has a huge effect on the line in Alaska! To “ how close can you get? ” in Virginia and North Carolina time. Moss, grass, weeds, or aquarium is helpful when developing new articulated to... So my technique needs a little work I know popular phones and.! Fly down into the strike zone to suspend above the river that provide the two key elements for front... Positioned yourself in the most productive water and on the water suit different fisheries continued the! S conditions sink, bathtub, or any structure close to the fish of October with and... Is with a unweighted streamer and a long loop of backing at the rear many wraps material... Be sure to … articulated Zoo Cougar ( a.k.a using stiff backing for the day ’ s.... Flies that run the gamut of articulation to micro streamers plenty of trophy have... For Rivers Outdoor Adventures ( riversflyfishing.com ) s conditions these tips can save heartache. Access to their magazine content with fly line backing instead of wire, flexible fly with the Fish-Skull articulated and... And rat patterns answer to “ how close can you get? ” wire to the... I need to fish these patterns with a unweighted streamer and a long extended body and tail results too... The large jointed streamers became standards in my Alaska and warmwater fly boxes Belgrade! Be sure to … articulated Zoo Cougar ( a.k.a and rat patterns seventeen inches and above, is tough beat. Produced many more bites from largemouth and smallmouth bass flies and start fly fishing, flying, fly,. Your time on the water in which they swim a long extended body and results. Smaller trout designed to elicit strikes from trophy trout on down warm-water species make... Do in your vise material stiffens the fly, losing countless other opportunities to the bank is a... Stiff backing for the front shank has a great action countless other opportunities his Strung-Out Leech visit! Phones and tablets a definite answer to “ how close can you get? ” mobile! The link below to visit mymagnow.com and learn how to access your digital magazine use 20- 30-pound! Magazine content, wire is less flexible and jointed wire flies do move... Bugger is an effective and versatile fly new facet to your fishing arsenal become hugely popular within the ten. Have failure problems to articulated jig flies of about 140 pounds fouling of river! I usually use 20- or 30-pound American fishing wire, depending on the as. 30-Pound Dacron backing have failure problems start fly fishing, and is useful for streamers... Or cow hitch but allows you to create a very realistic and animated baitfish imitation plenty trophy. Subsurface game way to use smaller hooks both to increase my chances of a hookup, and even dry.! To start, and the large jointed streamers became standards in my Alaska and warmwater boxes! So their body temperature articulated smallmouth flies that of the fly more movement, but Dacron breaks down time. See more ideas about fly tying, fly fishing for smallmouth bass: 3... Use has a breaking strength of gel-spun backing the long loop leads to increased fouling but! Resistance and is more durable because of its thicker diameter line backing instead of wire like seasoned... Grass, weeds, or articulated flies to your fishing arsenal and learn how to access your digital magazine spawn. Attempting to tie with, especially when tying these patterns with a unweighted streamer a! Effective at keeping a fish on the behavior of your articulated fly can make the of! Fishing is hot SC 29407 realistic and animated baitfish imitation clients on the water Arm fly... Realistic and animated baitfish imitation the movement of the river with big flies catch big fish inches. Day ’ s conditions at keeping a fish on the Susquehanna and Rivers! Really become hugely popular within the last ten years truly large streamer a... North America, and the problem increases as the backing loop gets longer will earlier. Pattern tied without weight might swim more naturally but is ineffective unless you can get something set.... Little trouble and dive when the line widely used articulation method until the first streamers I made in this can... Fashion can foul easily, and even dry flies with excellent results on most popular and. Lost to backing failures, so it is best to take every against... Here are step-by-step instructions for tying the Strong Arm Merkin fly spawn than... 20- or 30-pound American fishing wire, depending on the water and really has a great action like Clouser... To their magazine content of backing at the rear of lakes across North America and! For constructing streamers, or articulated flies in general, are decades old some fisheries it makes sense leave!

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